Health officials in Minnesota are seeing a jump in nicotine poisoning in children, and the safety of electronic cigarettes is being questioned. The Minnesota department of health released a nicotine health advisory to show the nicotine poisonings from electronic cigarette among children the ages of 5 of younger.
It is thought that electronic cigarettes are safer than traditional smoking. Nicotine is not only addictive, these cigarettes contain nicotine levels that are fatal to children. The liquid nicotine is more toxic than most consumers think. For a 22 pound child, only 1/15 of a teaspoon of liquid nicotine is a lethal dose.
Children are not the only ones in danger of e-cigarettes. Reports also state that e-cigarette juice can harm the brain development in adolescents. Evidence suggests that long term exposure to e-cigarettes can create long lasting damage to the brain. Research also finds that this could have a negative impact on adolescent learning, memory, attention, and behavioral problems.
Symptoms of nicotine poisoning may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and difficulty breathing. A deadly dose of nicotine for an adult is only 50 to 60 milligrams, and these e-cigarettes can contain 34 milligrams or higher.
These products come in a variety of flavors, which increases their popularity. Children can mistake the product for candy or juice. Cases of nicotine poisoning in children have been caused unattended e-cigarette liquids that were either, swallowed, smoked, or absorbed through the eyes or skin.
Currently, nicotine vaporizing devices such as e-cigarette, e-hookahs, or cape pens are not regulated. There is also lack of quality and manufacturing standards, so users may not know how much nicotine is in these products.